The reality of education in Colombia/ コロンビアの教育現場の現場

December 8, 2017 — Leave a comment

As I mentioned before, I was teaching English at two schools: a public school and a private school in the city of Pital in Colombia.
First of all, speaking of the private school, a principle of school has all power inside of the school. Also in public schools, a principle of school has all power inside the school, even though public schools publicly consist under Department of Education. I am saying schools are not closely associated to Department of Education. (That is my word and it seemed be so on my observation.) In short, all the quality of education in the school depends on only one person who is a principle.
Here is a story of a public school that I actually saw. When I was there, the payment was delayed for all teachers in the public school where my host mother works (an English teacher at the public school). In addition, she has been working overtime for about 24 hours this year, but that overtime was not also transferred to her account. Those overtime pay must be paid monthly. So she talked to her principal, but the principal refused to pay. And when she talked to Department of Education, then they said they can not do anything about the issue of not paying overtime. They gave her another option which is to take days off for the hours of overtime, instead. She had no choices, and took days off.
The other thing was when I and she were having a class, I always saw some students are playing soccer or just having chat outside. I asked her, why they always do’t have a class?She said they have a class with another English class, but the another English teacher doesn’t do anything and just let them play. I was so shocked that is happening in public school. The another teacher is one of the principal’s favorite, so even if he goes home at any time, he will be allowed. Mother, of course, was against it, but the another teacher works longer than her and the principal’s favourite, so she could’t do anything. And sadly she wasn’t one of favourite, so the principle was always being so strict to her. Other teachers don’t care about the issue, no one wants to be the principle’s opponent. No one says anything. The students in that class seem to think that they are all lucky without classes all the time and be able to play all the time. It is so sad reality that their right to receive education are taken away by the teachers who are supposed to give education to children working under Department of Education. We finally got the opportunity to receive public education freely on lots of history and sacrifices, but the reality is sadly adults are taking away the right. To be honest and frankly, there are many such lazy teachers in public schools. They are on absolutely advantageous position as a civil servant, and they are unconsciously or selfishly depriving the right of education from children, everyday. Good-dam world.
One more thing that is in private school. I was so surprised that no one had textbook. Whether to bring an English dictionary further depends on the family because parents need to pay for it. So there were very few students bringing an own dictionary. Regarding textbooks  provided by private schools are distributed to each student, but as data. So the school ask each student to bring printed copies individually. Currently there were no students doing it. Printing isn’t cheap enough. Although textbooks are’t everything, but if there is no textbooks, the time loss is large, and it is difficult to penetrate knowledge equally to each students. Every time the teacher writes the content of the lesson on the whiteboard and the student take a note. That note is everything. The point is that if you do not bring or lose that note, there is nothing. I do not know if it is on purpose, but there are several students who do not bring notes in my class or they said they don’t have them. In short, there is no textbooks, no notes, no dictionary, no knowledge of English, they don’t have anything. The lessons under that situation was pretty tough than I imagined. Because it is almost impossible to let them think new words? It is not math or science. It’s language. They need guideline or at least basic knowledge. Otherwise how can I teach them something with my poor Spanish and under the circumstances that no one has guideline or some of them have no papers. This is not called teaching techniques. This is called a big challenge or severe issue of education. Other different subject as well, teacher’s mouth is all out there. But if you answerer to 10 questions for each student, 20 or 30 students, the lesson will be over. I could’t ask parents to buy an own dictionary. So there was always a conflict about that.
The substantive educational rights possessed by each teacher is enormously large. What students learn in compulsory education depends mostly on the teacher’s hands.

僕は以前から述べている通り、コロンビアのピタルという街で公立学校と私立学校の2つで英語を教えていた。
まずどちらにも共通しているのは、私立学校はもっともだが、公立学校も全て学校ないの実権は校長1人に委ねられているということ。要はその学校内の教育の質は全て校長次第。
公立学校の話。僕がいる時、1月分の給料振込みが遅延が遅延した。さらに、僕のホストマザー(公立学校の英語教師)は今年度24時間ほどの残業をしているがその残業代が振り込まれないとのこと。マザーが校長に話をするが校長は支払いを拒否した。そしてマザーが教育省に相談したところ残業代金については何もできないとのこと。その代わりその残業で働いた分の時間を休みを有給として休みを取ることは可能だと。マザーは止む無くその時間分を有給として使った。
その他、僕の目に留まったのは、僕とマザーが授業をしている時にいつも同じクラスだけずっと授業がないのか外で遊んでいる。マザーに聞くと、あのクラスの英語教師は授業をしないとの事。そんな事が公立学校で許されるのか?と問うと、その教師は校長のお気に入りだから好きな時に家に帰っても、授業をしなくても許されるのだと。マザーは勿論それについて反対だが、その先生の方が職歴が長くベテランだからマザーみたいに新任の教師には何もできないのだと。他の先生たちもそんな人の事なんて気にしないか、校長に目をつけられたくなくて誰も何も言わない。そのクラスの生徒たちは、自分たちだけいつも授業が無くラッキーだと思っているらしい。たくさんの歴史と犠牲の上にようやく与えられた教育を受ける権利を、教師という立場の者がそれを生徒に与える機会を奪うなんて、何とも悲しい現実だ。公立の学校にはそんな怠け者の教師が何人もいるのだという。彼らは公務員という絶対的有利な立場で、今日も   子供達の教育を受ける権利を無意識のまま、自己勝手に剥奪しているのだろう。
私立学校に関して言えば、生徒が誰1人教科書を持っていない事には驚いた。更に英語辞典を持ってくるかは家庭次第だから、辞書を持参している生徒はとても少なかった。教科書については、私立学校の定めるテキストはデータとして各生徒に配られてはいるが、個人個人でそれを印刷して持参する事になっているとの事。現状はそれを行っている生徒は1人もいなかった。テキストが全てというわけではないが、テキストが無いと時間のロスが多いのと、知識が生徒たちに平等に浸透しにくい。毎回毎回教師はホワイトボードに授業内容を書き、生徒はそれをノートに写す。そのノートが全て。要はそのノートを持参しなかったり、無くした場合は全てが無。わざとなのかはわからないが、僕の事業でノートを持ってこなかったり、持っていないとかいう生徒が何人もいた。要は、テキストも無い、ノートも無い、辞書も無い、英語の知識も無い、彼らは何も持っていない。その状況下での授業はかなり大変だった。課題を出しても彼らにわからない事を調べる術が無いのだから。教師の口が全て。でも生徒20、30人に1人ずつ1から10まで質問に答えてたらそれで授業が終わってしまう。辞書を買って持ってこいなんて言え無いから、そこについてはいつも葛藤だった。
どこの教育現場も似たような状況だと思うが、教師1人1人が持つ実質的教育権はものすごく大きい。生徒が義務教育の中で何を学ぶのかは、殆ど教師のさじ加減で決まるという事。

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